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Travelling with Bill. Roma.

well thanks for coming back this is the fourth in the edition of traveling with bill today we’re taking you outside of Rome and we’re going to get away from Rome we’re gonna go down to Ostia Pisa Milan and straya Italy heading up to the north up to the Alps so let’s get with the program today and move on we’ve got a lot of stuff here to talk about Lido di Asti ax and Ostia Antica Ostia Antica started out as a harbor and like any world the harbours were a very important lifeline to the cities Rome itself is a distance away from from Ostia but in fact Ostia served as the harbor for Rome as you’ll see is that as the program goes on there’s a lot of interesting things to see there so if you’re ever traveling if the country ever opens up again you’ll have the opportunity to have some background the program objectives today are to be introduced you to these four areas middle of Italy all the way to the north of Italy near the Alps let’s start at Lido D Ostia and that’s a small town once again that is turned into a fishing village in the mid-1800s the current population is about 86 thousand people and most of those people work at the Leonardo da Vinci Airport which services Rome for you folks who in fact get the lost in Italy and tired of peace pizzas and pasta the Wild West restaurant is in fact located right there and it serves all of your hometown treats including hoagies and and you know hamburgers and anything you might want now we go to Ostia Antica Ostia Antica is an extraordinary Roman site it actually served as I said is a gateway and we’ll see what happens here whenever the you see that little map on the right hand side how close the that ostia antica was to the coastline but in fact that wasn’t that’s not the case today it’s miles from the coastline because of the settlement that came from the Tiber River it was settled about four BC and served the rooms as I said they’re Rome’s principal airport not airport but port for hundreds of years it witnessed the rise of the superpower its dominance and the eventual decline okay one of the big things there that this was the site of the death of Saint Monica I have to bring that name up mother of st. Augustine who on the way back from Africa after Augustine’s conversion to Christianity ASEAN teeka’s place in history is most notable for an attack by pirates in 68 BC which led to an unprecedented power being handed to Pompey the great setting yet another precedent which damaged the foundations of the Republic in the future today we’ll see the ruins that are left including the Roman theater the Baths of Neptune and remainders of the military camp and temples to the ancient deities Ostia Antica once again as you’ll see by the little map there how far it has moved because of settlement in from the coastline so Ostia Antica if you look at the map directly south of that is the Lea dod Ostia now Ostia Antica is so many more things than the elements that we just talked about as far as the baths and things this common combines to give a great picture because I’m like and we’ll compare it here in a minute and like Italica outside of Seville this was basically intact as in fact the years went on and you’ll see why here in a minute I see is about one hour’s drive outside of Rome okay and you can get there by train it only cost about one and a half euros and you can also take the subway to let you off right at the entrance of Ostia we were told by the by our guide that the town was buried at the erection of one of the Emperor’s and when it was buried when we’re talking about buried we’re talking about under mud for for hundreds and hundreds of years because of the fact they didn’t want it found I don’t know why that just and I always said it’s a it was an entire city that they they coated with mud and but that protected it and you’ll see how well it protected him as in Spain anywhere you dig in Italy usually has a ruin of some sort this financially causes those builders problems because of the fact that they the cost of reclaiming these antiquities that are under your building site can drive you right out of business because of the fact that’s so expensive and the time delays that that happen the city of Ostia was for business only it didn’t have the trappings of Rome it didn’t have the great coliseums or the large buildings running government it didn’t have any of these these were for businessmen workers ship rights and other trades cargo handlers and things like that and their families okay so I mean this wasn’t they didn’t have the ultra poor they didn’t have the ultra rich they didn’t have the major castles and things temples that you see but they did live comfortably and you’ll see here in a second how comfortably lit they did live when we talk about baths in any of the Italian cities this is one of the things that you have to look at this is not only a social area but it’s isn’t this is where the local political picture is done one of the biggest excavations in Ostia as you pass through the main gate or the bass of Neptune and this is built in 1779 161 B sorry C II which is a pre Julian Roman calendar unlike the the baths in Rome these are basically simple they don’t hold the thousand people a day they hold maybe four or five hundred people a day and these are the people who are taking a break from working in as you see there by the towel floor this is this is something that is in fact a way to get people to relax get them to understand who built the the bath for their benefit but they’re these these tile floors or thousands of years old and there are still an excellent condition once again I mentioned earlier that these cities the city was put under mud and so what you see here is a lot of structure no roofs because apparently they fell in over the time but in fact the structures exist and you’ll have a pretty good idea and we’ll take a comparison look here between Italica and and osteo here in a minute the theater of Ostia he’ll hold about 4,000 people people in its heyday all right um it was built by Agrippa and this name keeps coming up if you remember when we were in Rome that Pantheon was built by Agrippa okay and he is famous for many things which we’ll talk about in a little bit most of the seating that still remains today as you see there on the left hand side the back wall that held the roof is gone but the marble flooring and everything still very much is there you’ll see this is a place where they had you know plays and actions and and concerts and everything else even back then so but then oh the the scenes that you see on the right hand side there we’re ahead of what were at one time the fast-food places for the people that were attending the gatherings at the at the theater the table floors of Ostia in front of the businesses in front of the the stores and things were these tiled floors and some of these were army they’re magnificent but they also tell a story it’s not just the case where they just put a design out there for example the lower right hand side you see that that has to deal with a ship and so that was either a organization that dealt with shipping or a ship right with people who built the ships or a company who managed the ships or whatever the picture in the center with the elephant is one that in fact dealt with business in Africa okay so they when you look at these things you can see hints of what they did and what word what made them what they are today I told you we’re gonna compare Ostia and and Teleca you see on the Left Ostia fourth century BC still basically intact this is a shopping area of the on the Left that we’ll see you again a little bit italica on the right at 206 BC I mentioned in the last program that in fact a lot of the materials were here when the Moors moved into Spain they took the materials and helped built what is now Seville Spain which is about six kilometers away from Metallica but they took a lot of the building material and in fact went and and got this down to its current state which the country actually just started to protect about twenty years ago the warehouse district I mentioned that this area was in fact used for business it was used for bringing materials into rum and sending materials out of Rome okay in the warehouses that you see here were basically grain warehouses so whenever they unburied these buildings this is what you came up with and you can see they’re not playing at all they’re very in a relatively fancy and they had the opportunity to in fact hold grain that could be carried by wagons into Rome and you know it can be in fact carried other things from Rome to the rest of the world at that time the shopping areas Ostia still have well they have businesses going on making things like hats and broad and carpets and things like this as you would have seen it back then you see the picture on the left all of these things are the way it was 2,000 years ago the signs on the buildings the gates you see the buildings per se even the cobblestones that you see them standing near here on the left hand picture are very much what was laid and they have held up very very well the picture you see on the right once again is a different view of the shopping area this is this is amazing because like after Nero start putting a building codes into Rome after the Rome burnt osteo had building codes and they had areas for housing they had barren of areas for shops and warehouses and theatres and things like that once again there were no poor so it doesn’t doesn’t have slum areas and there were no super-rich as I mentioned unlike most of the places Christianity had not yet really struck this part of Italy but they did have a lot of different religions and I wanted to point some of them out here because a lot of them aren’t from Europe okay as you see there you have the Olympian Hercules cult that in fact came from Greece the Juno the chief goddess and female counter of Jupiter magna mater which is probably the oldest religion of all about 6,000 years old at this point at this is the Greek god Isis is the Egyptian religion and what I found was really interesting is Judaism was it was practiced very heavily here and in fact has one of the oldest synagogue sites in Europe at this location so whenever we talk about you know religion being one thing or another in this area because they traded with all over the world they brought all their religions into this area and they they were all here it wasn’t like they were pushed out of the city or wasn’t like they were pushed out of the country so it made it very interesting living in Ostia once again it was zoned there was a port dock area okay there was a warehouse area which may grains and things were stored the entertainment the amphitheater things like that they had eateries called poppy Anna and they sold wine and snacks on the rung which were basically Oh Pizza style type things they had drinks like he said wine and things that you could pick up there because if you didn’t have time to run home and get something to eat the stores in the area trade we saw dry goods and food for the local community the housing was interesting okay the single-family homes very few of these were laid out because of the city itself were once again at more apartment type layouts but the condos in the garden house of the upper middle class that owned the businesses the the company’s excuse me that we’re doing business there was about 2,400 square feet and 2,400 square feet if we look at it comparison that the areas around here is about the original size of the homes up in giant Oaks the older homes that are up there about 2,400 square feet and these were apartments so they were pretty well known you know pretty well sized and they had a lot of opportunity to in fact move around and do things with their families and stuff as mentioned earlier there weren’t very rich and poor like the Roman areas most everybody here worked the public toilets at Ostia the unisex centuries ahead of their time well I mentioned one of the cities were 100% working-class there was a unique occupation that was handled here and you’ll see it there in the bottom that spelled urinators but it was pronounced Ora not whores and these were the folks that in fact was something fell off the dock or fell off the boat and went into the Tiber River they in fact went in and in fact picked it up and brought it back to the surface and that was they earned a living doing that but I thought that when you originally look at that name it’s like oh okay great the street houses and signs on these buildings like I said these are all original these were the things that were there for 2,000 years and after they cleaned them off and got them they just left them all hanging on the buildings you see the one up in the top it’s the temple for the naval people this Casa de Diana there on the right the Basilica the Christian Basilica all of these things were as they were 2,000 years ago so when you’re walking through here you really do get a sense of life as it was and if you look at this just like him when we looked at Rome it wasn’t too bad you know at least you know if you were working person here you had a good living you had income and you had the opportunity to live comfortably in this tongue no I always complain to Monica about the traffic calming in the township whenever they built a new plant and when we saw this we feared I had to take a picture of it to show what it should look like this would calm any traffic that we could possibly have with this big tree sit in the middle of the road we move on from from Ostia up the coast to Livorno and pisa Livorno our cruise ship went to Livorno and it’s docked there it’s located is sort of the entryway to the Tuscany area of Italy and it’s also an important ferry terminal and things like that it’s the Livorno train station is how you basically get to the areas of Tuscany including Florence and Pisa Lucca and Siena in Livorno itself it’s a it’s a an Italian town it’s a beautiful scenic town but in one of the you know a couple of the things that you have to see when you enter into the town are the monuments you know unlike this country who keeps destroying the history that we have the main city square in Livorno is the piazza della republica and can be found outside of the train station so when you get there on the train you walk out and you see this leopold ii the grand duke of tuscany he was recognized as a liberal monarch authorizing the the Tuscan Constitution in 1848 and allowing a degree of Free Press the Grand Duke was deposed briefly briefly only to be restored the same year with the assistance of the Austrian troops who occupied the state for about six or seven years Leopold attempted a policy of neutrality with regard to the second Italian War of Independence but was expelled by a bloodless coup in 1859 just before the beginning of the war on the other side of the plaza his Ferdinand the 3rd the Grand Duke of Tuscany when his father was elected the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Ferdinand succeeded him as the Grand Duke of Tuscany officially taking the office in 1790 in 1790 during the French Revolution Ferdinand became the first monarch to recognize the French Republic he attempted to work peacefully with him however the rulers of Britain in Russia persuaded him to join their side of War of the first coalition Ferdinand provided his allies with passive support and he was forced to renounce his throne by a Treaty of and I can’t say it here are our use’ when Napoleon brushed him aside to make way for the kingdom of youth Rhea created his compensation by bourbon Dukes of Parma okay so and once again like the Moors in Spain most of these unlike what they had there most of these rulers were deposed and more of a peaceful manner like I said when we look at the Moors in Spain you’ll see that most of them were assassinated by their sons or relatives and they were assassinated in the future by their sons or relatives so it was a continuation of a terrible process but unlike here they were deposed and then many times brought back or deposed and just you know went to retire they didn’t necessarily die the next monument that you see in Livorno is the monument in the portable lavarro as a piece of art called the monument of the four Moors and this powerful monument deflected Moors as slaves and they were added as an in 1626 the moor symbolized the four corners of the world and we’re also meant to represent the victories of Fernando the first over the Ottomans moving on to Pisa okay there’s a short trolley ride and the trolley ride isn’t like what will we imagine it’s more like the rides at Kennywood that has an engine in the front and a couple of cars in the back it takes you right to miracle square and this is probably one of the most fascinating places I’ve ever seen because in such a short area it has such important relics of the past and it’s something that have lived through a couple of world wars in that area during World War Two much’ Pisa was destroyed by German or Allied bombing however the cathedral baptistry the famous Leaning Tower escaped unharmed okay for individuals looking to take the tower tour it just opened here a number of years ago but you have to make reservations in advance so if you’re gonna if you’re thinking about traveling you can make reservations 20 days in advance for you and your party but like I said don’t miss it because if you missed that day you don’t get the slip to the next date kind of thing this is a sign we saw sorry the tower is not leaning today and so somebody had a sense of humor formerly known as the Plaza del Duomo the Cathedral Square of the square is dominated by four major religious edifices the pieces of Cathedral the Baptist theory the Campania the monumental Cemetery there’s also a new hospital and a opera located at this location but there’s sort of a minor thing they were correct when you’re looking at it from this standpoint it’s really not no leaning that much but there are some important things and supportin activities and dates we have to look at it took almost 200 years to complete the tower okay between 1589 and 1592 Galileo who lived in Pisa at the time made his famous dropping of the cannonballs to prove his theory of relativity those objects fall and I fell at the same rate regardless of their size during World War two the Allies suspected the Germans were using the tower as an observation point an army sergeant was sent to confirm the president’s the presence of the German troops in the tower he was so impressed by the beauty he refrained from ordering an artillery strikes bearing it from destruction bringing the tower into focus when you look at this we always hear about how much it leans yes it does but over the years numerous attempts were made to in fact correct it because it was starting to fall in let me see here was yeah 1989 the Civic Tower of Pavia did collapse so they were really concerned that in fact this was going to in fact do the same thing and in – I mean in 1990 I believe they had stabilization of this they reduced the tilt by 17 points 7 inches returning it to its 1838 position after a decade of repair effort the tower was reopened to the public on 2001 and was declared stable for another 300 years now I’m not sure about that one of the things we found out in Pisa was the only thing that doesn’t lean in Pisa is bazarian walls the Roman walls that were protecting the Pisa and the other local communities are the only things that don’t lean every other building in Pisa leans okay which was really sort of eye-opening the walls construction started in 1155 and it ended in 1161 when the final section of the wall was in fact built the pieces power grew because of this wall and the protection that it offered the residents of the community itself when we look at the at the the whole area here we have to look at the baptistry it was dedicated to Saint John the Baptist which seems to be okay I mean as far as the name and everything is concerned it was the Romanesque building it was begun and 1153 and it was built in the Romanesque style the construction was not finished until the 14th century when the top story or the dome was added it is the largest baptistry in Italy with a circumference of almost a hundred and 7.25 meters and it is a few centimeters taller than the Leaning Tower itself inside the baptistery are different structures which makes it very interesting ok the structure added the first level is depicting st. John the Baptist the upper level showing Christ between the Madonna and Saint John the Baptist flanked by angels and evangelists the immense alla the interior is immense very similar to that of the Pantheon in or at least in feeling the Pantheon in Rome the octane octagonal baptismal font at the center dates from 1246 when it was made by Galileo to Como the scenes on the pulp but especially the classical form of the naked Hercules which seems totally out of place show best at the pasina’s abilities that the most important prokhor sir to the Italian Renaissance structure in Italy at the time the monumental Cemetery which is under building which is interesting the walled cemetery is said to have been built around the shipload of sacred soil from Calvary brought back from Pisa by the Fourth Crusade and the Archbishop of Pisa in the 12th century this is where the name of the holy field originates the building at sait itself dates from the century later and it was erected over the earlier burial ground the building of this huge oblong size in 78 was the architect the Semyon he died in 1284 when pisa suffered a defeat in the naval battle of Nova Vincent tinnie owns closer look at the at the cemetery itself the frescoes and things were in there and you’ll see up in the upper right hand picture the size of the grave sites that were in there and they have the bodies underneath these stone areas so they lined them all up and they buried them in that in that way some of the Saints relics and they really don’t have the names of the saints that were there so it was an interesting thing that they had Saints relics but they didn’t put the names who these Saints were or any justification for having them the Pisa Cathedral is as any place else in any Cathedral in Italy that we’ve seen it’s not just the artwork and it’s not the altar it’s not it’s everywhere the flooring the ceiling the walls the even even the the pillars on the side make this just a requirement that you have to see this I mean it’s just just phenomenal the the size and what it offers in history is just phenomenal as you see there in 1092 the cathedral was directed as a primate alert in the primate old church at that time meant that the primate or the archbishop of that air was sort of like that in the head of all the other Archbishop’s in that region now the primate is more of a just the title given to people whenever they’ve either about to retire from from the church and things like that the KC theater was constructed in 1118 by Pope Gelasius ii who belonged to the cattle nini family which was powerful in both pisa and rome the altar of st. Irenaeus okay and and this is another thing that we saw back in seville cathedral where the veneris was the son of a prospered merchants and ship owner of pisa his travels took him to the Holy Land and he designed decided there to devote himself to God matter of fact his austerity was so excessive somebody had to tell him to eat once in a while and 1153 Rijn heiress returned to pisa and entered the monastery where he achieved fame and became a preacher being treated like a saint even during his lifetime okay you see there on the right-hand side where as we learned in the seville cathedral with king ferdinand he was laid in what they called incorrupt which means that he was he was in bombed but he was never buried and you can see him there the body in the upper vessel behind glass okay so I mean it’s it’s he was canonized by Pope Alexander the third in either 1161 or 1162 now we talked about Galileo earlier and the study of the pendulum which seems sort of big deal who cares well whenever he was only nineteen year old he focused on the attention of the lamp swing gently above him once again remembering that all the buildings in there leaned or moved or something so anyhow hey this pendulum this lamp this oil lamp which you see on the lower right hand side which was the original lamp was that was replaced by the electric lamp that you see on the left hand picture but anyhow he he started to measure the time by using his own pulse to see how fast or how slow that that lamp swayed there turned out to be several practical applications a doctor friend created the and I’m having a hard time paul silicon which measured the pulse of a patient using a pendulum with a short string of length of string when gallo leo was 77 and totally blind he thought about whether the pendulum could be attached to a mechanical clock to regulate it and ensure more accurate measurements of time in 1657 christiaan huygens from the netherlands applied this principle to a pendulum to create just such a clock and many of us have those clocks in our homes today with pendulum swinging from them we move from pisa not a long distance into the milan area ok the milan area is most people know milan for different things mostly fashion stores things like this i mean it’s a beautiful area it really is and we’ll see some a bit the celtics the inhabitants of the region in northern italy appeared to have founded milan around 600 BC according to the legend reported by levy in writings between 27 and 9 BC the Gaulish king sent his nephew into northern italy at the head of a party drawn from various Gaulish troupes the romans led by console seat girl calvess fought the ensuing rays and captured the city in 222 BC the chief of the in Sombra submitted given the Romans control of the area okay and in two thousand eighty six the Roman Emperor like clumped off these Roman names kill me moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from to this area shopping in Milan season after season eyes look towards the Milan for the next emerging trend the Milan E’s luxury comes in all forms from home decor to show you know showcases flagship stores the exclusive brands like Prada are meanie and nothing nothing Milan touches doesn’t touch the beauty Victoria manual the second shopping mall finds chic styles and design districts leathers bargains markets and antiques stalls are along the canal Milan effort Lee includes styles in every turn one of the main things in Milan we have to look at is the Milan the Milan Cathedral okay and the cathedral is one of the most beautiful and largest Gothic complexes in all of Italy it took about five hundred years to build and the outsize has thousands of finely carved statues about 2,300 of them exactly deflecting both religious figures and stories in the Bible including the crucifixion and and and and the interior figures are even more intricate inside you find thousands and more statues high marble columns and impressive works the interesting thing is you’ll see there and by the small picture in the upper right is the golden Madonna that was on the highest spire of the cathedral itself and that’s behind the entrance of the building which you can’t see from this in this view during World War 2 to distract the Bombers the church had the golden statue covered so wouldn’t be easily spotted by air and couldn’t be selected as a site to be bombed this year Andreea pucelli in fact did a beautiful rendition from the entrance of the Milan Cathedral and if you want to see that you can get onto YouTube it was absolutely perfect and we sometimes when we’re sitting here in our small little community wonder if if the world is being affected the way we are staying in our home staying away from our friends and things if you look at this you will see that while he’s singing this song the music for hope he in fact is in fact showing pictures of all over the world of cities that are vacant no movement on Easter Sunday which in you know every other year would have been packed from Mexico City to China to Italy to the United States I mean looking at that makes you really understand that we were not by ourselves here inside the Cathedral of Milan okay and once again the the magnificence of these cathedrals can’t be understated or overstated you’ll see by the picture of the right the walls the the pillars even I mean the floors everything is absolutely a work of art these people took hundreds of years and thousands on thousands and thousands of hours of intricate work to make these pictures and these designs to in fact please God and the people that were in fact coming to pray the left-hand side you’ll see is the main altar and that in fact well behind the main altar the intricate statues and things that you see plus the the beautiful stained windows it just it just can’t be a set overstated this is one of these things the Church of Saint Mary of the graces in Milan as you whenever I was stationed there for a short time I had the opportunity to walk by this building thinking nothing nothing of it it was just looked like a charge you know I was 19 at the time and they didn’t think anything of it didn’t look into its history didn’t look into what it offered okay but the Duke of Milan ordered the construction of this convent in church on the site of the prior chapel dedicated the devotion of Saint Mary of the graces the our main architects Salaria which we heard his name before designed the comment which was completed by 1479 the Duke then decided to have the church serve as a family burial site and rebuilt the cloister and apps both completed in 1490 okay now the thing there once again you walk by the building it’s rather plain outside the least in front of it you walk inside and once again it’s it’s devastatingly beautiful the gold inlaid and that just and the lighting just makes this facility looks like something you’ve never seen before but that is not its main claim to fame the last of the picture of the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci is here alright it is actually in the monastery itself is probably one of the most famous works in the world and one of the most famous of course by Leonardo himself it depicts a dramatic scene described in several closely connected moments of the gospel including Matthew 26 21:28 in which Jesus declares the one of us the Apostles will betray him according to Leonardo’s believe that posture gesture and expression should manifest the notions of the mind each one of these twelve disciples react in the manner that Leonardo considers fit for that man’s personality we move from Milan up to streisand Lake Maggiore stray surfaced appears on historical documents just before the end of the first millennium when it was a small fishing community during the Middle Ages the town was to fight them of the lords of Castile EO & Visconti but it was Romero who subsequently ruled the region and added the Magnificent buildings which we are about to see he obtained part of the territory in 1653 the entire district was reunited under their rule they commissioned palaces to be built on the Isles of Bella and Madre straigh sebast into the Australian Austrian hands in 1719 before coming under the role of the houses Savoy which is a name that Milan shoppers know very well in 1748 the town began to achieve its renown as renowned as a tourist destination at the beginning of the 19th century when glamorous villas were built in 1906 the opening of the simply on tunnel heralded the start of world wide international travel trains of the London Paris London Paris Milan line began to call at the stasis station and travelers and writers from all over Europe came to sing the praises of straya and Lake Maggiore spreading their fame till a larger group of people once again whatever when our stationed here the government into their own little world sent me and had me staying at this hotel the Grand Hotel which in fact at 19 years old I was too stupid to understand the importance of what this hotel did as we see that Ernest Hemingway set this hotel as the foundation of his famous work farewell to arms Estrella was one of those places that in fact it’s so beautiful and you see it in the movies today and I’ll point them out to you excuse me in 2002 straits that hosted the 10th international Hemingway conference Streisand has played host to a number of political conferences in 20th century in 1935 the UK Italy and France reaffirmed the Treaty of Locarno and agreed to form the Streisand Front to combat and contain Nazi Germany in 1958 the foundations what would become Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy were formulated here in straigh so and I have to point this out because I thought it was really interesting the Italian know the plan oh the plane is just as I put there just plain ugly there’s just no way around it the Italian plane maker built this thing in the 1920s and it was designed to carry a hundred passengers across the Atlantic coast to the United States the plane only flew twice and it never flew out of the country on the second flight it took off from Lake Maggiore in Italy and made only about 60 feet in the air before it came crashing into the water the plane had three sets of wings nine in total and eight engines it had a terrible body design and the plane was doomed to fail adding injury to insult the wreckage was damaged by fire as it was towed back to shore one of the villas that you see there I’m holding the little ticket to get into it was built in 1855 and the park became as a humble home who fell in love with the area of Lake Maggiore and it’s stunning surroundings it was bought by Marquis in 1862 the park began to acquire extension statues and many other embellishments which characterizes it today like the churches you see the walls and the ceilings and everything else in that Center picture excuse me demonstrate that this is not just a humble home this is this is a piece of art from beginning to end it’s possible now to visit the villas 16 acre a hectare Park as the lands are open to the public the estate also served as Museum for Giuseppe Verdi Verdi produced many successful operas and including La Traviata Falstaff Aida Zola Bela which is in the middle of Lake Maggiore is one of those things that this individual just decided to build out there and made it into a castle as you see there it’s called the palace of delights it took four centuries to complete it includes scenic gardens the throne and Queen’s room Napoleon’s room the island achieved its highest level of social success during the period of Burano in 1751 the 1837 which guests include Edward Gibbon who you may not remember but you remember probably his book the history and decline and fall of the Roman Empire Napoleon and his wife Josephine and Carolyn of Brunswick who was the Princess of Wales at the time some of the movies that you will see in the area of Lake Como and Lake Maggiore include some of the recent James Bond movies and they are Casino Royale you’ll see at the end of the movie where he is recuperating and that happens to be happening in Lake Como in the Quantum of Solace the movie starts out literally in Siena and you’ll see the horse races of the communities that a horse race this happens twice a year and all the sixteen or seventeen communities put a horse into this race people the riders are brought in from all over the Europe to ride representing their area and they in fact ride twice Iran then the winner claims the fame and they win a trophy and they win I aim a big religious icon from the church for winning this and it’s it’s fascinating to see in real life but if you watch the movie you can see it and in fact I’ll see what it does we’re gonna be talking about that as I tried to do most of the time talking about trips for the travelers okay if you’re going to go to Italy there is a couple things you should know so you don’t embarrass yourself or embarrass the people around you the cover fee for services if you go to dinner or something okay you don’t have to spend 20% or 25% on a tip for the waiter okay more often you’ll see that compared to charge on your bill when you die not Capraro is a fee or charge that you’ll see in most Italian restaurants basically this is covering the this is covering the cost of basically rental of the plates and the spoons and the forks and everything you’re having your dinner on so whenever you see that you’ll see that it’s you know it’s okay you know whenever you unlike us who tried to give a tip of 15 to 20 percent maybe the charges there are more reasonable if you in fact aren’t are paying one and a half euros to four euros per person at your at your table as a tip to the waiter this is a payment for him his service coming back bringing bread or oils or things like that back to your table you don’t need the tip on top of the service or on top of that but as important in Italy especially if you’re trying to eat on the budget okay this is and especially important the early bird gets the worm Italy most things start around well they start around ape and people don’t get up and do anything till around ten so if you can get to a touristy place earlier then you can beat some of the crowds as we’ve talked in Rome and these places that have large crowds you don’t want to stand in line so they usually have beat the line tickets that you can buy their additional charge but you can get them and then snow circumvent the crowds waiting in some of these lines as we saw getting into the Vatican and things can in fact be very long and very time-consuming four to six hours waiting a line one of my top Italian travel tips is to wake up early and get to the door before everyone else before 10 o’clock is the best time to get there and and if you’re gonna do that before that go and see what the local life is eat at the local diner II their croissants are phenomenal I mean believe me nothing that you’ve ever tasted around here it’s a golden hour photography as the Sun rises and and an evening as the Sun sets and and the streets aren’t packed with locals are tourists enjoy the wine in Italy good wines can be had at a great price drinking wine is always a way of life there and it goes with almost every meal the three to five lire bottle of wine in the supermarket aren’t the bottom they’re not the dregs of wine they’re very good wines it just happens to be that that’s the cost in that area it’s not expensive to have a dinner with good wines so just enjoy especially if you’re in the tuscany region enjoy the wines that they have available to you okay don’t eat near touristy places okay because they are in fact set up to in fact move people out as fast as possible get away from the crowds go into the secondary streets and things and find the places that in fact are off the beaten path you’ll one enjoy the food – you won’t have the crowds and three the people who run these the families that have run these for hundreds of years in some cases in fact do a wonderful job I would recommend walking a few streets away from the main attraction if I’m more affordable and more authentic foods we also love to do a little bit of research before you go and find the places that in fact are available Raposa like siesta in Spain Italians like to take a break in the middle of the day as that’s Italy’s midday siesta from 1:00 to 4:00 you can expect to find many shops and restaurants closed during this period of time Italians like to take time in the afternoon to go home have lunch and relax with the family before they head back to work bring good shoes ok I think I mentioned whenever I was looking at the Colosseum and everything in Rome by noon my pedometer already had almost 18,000 steps so you really need good shoes most of these cities are a hundred percent walking so prepare to stay off notice just to work off that pasta stay away from the heels as many Italian towns have cobblestone streets and you really don’t want to break an ankle even though if you go to the hospitals and are really not going to charge you anything because they have socialized medicine doesn’t mean that they’re gonna set it perfectly but that being said an Italian woman watch what they wear they in fact not only used to this but they in fact their shoes are phenomenal a good pair of comfortable boots or shoes a nice pair of leather boots or shoes for men that fit great will in fact make sure they’re polished in good condition you don’t want to look like a slob walking around Italy because of the fact that these folks take their effort and time to in fact make themselves look good if you’re walking around you won’t see a lot of excessively torn jeans you won’t exceed a lot you see fashionably close that in fact once again especially in this area their fashion are the first-rate they’re not they’re not no ten year ago fashion or you’re not gonna see people in nineteen fifty attire you’re gonna see people that are wearing fashionable clothes and they do this because one they take a lot of pride in themselves and their region women seem to have a better idea on what shoes to wear the men do men wear boots and it’s very hot there so it’s you know he said get a pair of comfortable slip ons that are broken in and you’ll be much better off well folks this is the end of this tour I hope you’ve learned something about these regions of Italy this is the fourth in the series of travelling with Bill we are then moving on to other areas of France and Spain including Barcelona and Cadiz will be then after that we’ll be moving on to Portugal in the Azores and then we’ll be looking at the Caribbean on different aspects of it the eastern Western southern and northern Caribbean so I hope you join us at that time but if once again if there’s any special things you like please let us know and we’ll bring bringing it up we have programs that will be coming that will talk about Vegas and California and Florida and Williamsburg and things like that we have many programs planned about 24 so if in fact you like to travel but you can’t because of these uncertain times we’ll be looking forward to having you join us to get a feel of what it’s like in other places so thank you very much for joining us today and we’ll afford to seeing you in the future.

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